Local Rules (Effective 1/1/2019)

Rule 1.3a states that the Committee may adopt Local Rules for the competition or the course. The following Local Rules will be in effect for all PAGC tournaments unless modified by the rules sheet for a particular tournament. It is the player's responsibility to be aware of these rules; they will not be individually listed on each tournament information sheet.

Relief from interference by an immovable obstruction may be taken under Rule 16.1.
The player also has these extra options to take relief when such immovable obstructions are close to the putting green and on the line of play:
Ball in General Area. The player may take relief under Rule 16.1b if an immovable obstruction is:

  • On the line of play, and is:
    • Within two club-lengths of the putting green, and
    • Within two club-lengths of the ball.

Exception – No Relief If Line of Play Clearly Unreasonable. There is no relief under this Local Rule if the player chooses a line of play that is clearly unreasonable.

Penalty for Playing Ball from a Wrong Place in Breach of Local Rule: General Penalty Under Rule 14.7a.

When the Committee has determined that "preferred lies" or "winter rules" are necessary due to adverse weather or course conditions, the following Rule is in effect: "When a player's ball lies in a part of the general area cut to fairway height or less, the player may take free relief once by placing the original ball or another ball in and playing it from this relief area:

  1. Reference Point: Spot of the original ball.
  2. Size of Relief Area Measured from Reference Point: one club-length from the reference point, but with these limits:
  3. Limits on Location of Relief Area:
    1. Must not be nearer the hole than the reference point, and
    2. Must be in the general area.

In proceeding under this Local Rule, the player must choose a spot to place the ball and use the procedures for replacing a ball under Rules 14.2b(2) and 14.2e.

Penalty for Playing Ball from a Wrong Place in Breach of Local Rule: General Penalty Under Rule 14.7a.

"When a player's ball has not been found or is known or virtually certain to be out of bounds, the player may proceed as follows rather than proceeding under stroke and distance." For two penalty strokes, the player may take relief by dropping the original ball or another ball in this relief area (see Rule 14.3):

Two Estimated Reference Points:
  1. Ball Reference Point: The point where the original ball is estimated to have:
    1. Come to rest on the course, or
    2. Last crossed the edge of the course boundary to go out of bounds.
  2. Fairway Reference Point: The point of fairway of the hole being played that is nearest to the ball reference point, but is not nearer the hole than the ball reference point.

For purposes of this Local Rule, "fairway" means any area of grass in the general area that is cut to fairway height or less. If a ball is estimated to be lost on the course or last crossed the edge of the course boundary short of the fairway, the fairway reference point may be a grass path or a teeing ground for the hole being played cut to fairway height or less.
Size of Relief Area Based on Reference Points: anywhere between:

  1. A line from the hole through the ball reference point (and within two club-lengths to the outside of that line), and
  2. A line from the hole through the fairway reference point (and within two club-lengths to the fairway side of that line).

But, with these limitations:

  1. Limits on Location of Relief Area:
    1. Must be in the general area, and
    2. Must not be nearer the hole than the ball reference point.
  2. Once the player puts a ball in play under this Local Rule:
    1. The original ball that was lost or out of bounds is no longer in play and must not be played.
    2. This is true even if the ball is found on the course before the end of the three-minute search time (see Rule 6.3b).
  3. But the player may not use this option to take relief for the original ball when:
    1. That ball is known or virtually certain to have come to rest in a penalty area, or
    2. The player has played another ball provisionally under penalty of stroke and distance (see Rule 18.3).

A player may use this option to take relief for a provisional ball that has not been found or is known or virtually certain to be out of bounds.

Penalty for Playing Ball from a Wrong Place in Breach of Local Rule: General Penalty Under Rule 14.7a.

When a tie exists for first place in a Major tournament (as defined under Tournament Policies), a sudden death playoff shall take place immediately following the conclusion of the event. In the case of NCGA Qualifiers, the playoff is only done for the playoff spots.

If the tie involves handicaps, each player's course handicap (as shown on the scorecard) will be reduced by the lowest handicap involved in the playoff, with the low handicap player getting zero strokes. The stroke allocations shown on the scorecard will be used for the playoff. If the playoff is for an overall net winner and different tees have been used by different players, the shorter tees will be used for the playoffs. It may be that handicaps need to be recalculated at this point.

When a first place tie exists in other situations, a "card" playoff is done. The USGA recommended method is used in which the winner is determined by the last 9, 6, 3, and 1 holes. A tie at that point will be decided by the flip of a coin.

If there are both gross and net ties to be broken, the gross tie is broken first.

Ties for other than first place are not broken; prize awards and TOC points are combined and shared. However, at away tournaments where prize certificates must be distributed, the Tournament Chair may choose to distribute the prize awards (not the TOC points) based on a card playoff as described above.

(For Reference Only)

Palo Alto Golf Club - 1876 Embarcadero Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303

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